لغات آیلتس ۲۶

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لغات آیلتس ۲۶

IELTS Vocabulary 26

جهت بهبود دایره لغات لازم است ریشه لغات را بیاموزید. همانطور که در مثال می بینید لغت “decide” به معنای “تصمیم گیری” و “با اختلاف زیاد” و “دارای تردید در تصمیم گیری” بکار برده شده است. پس لازم است ریشه لغات را به منظور کاربرد صحیح آن ها در موقعیت های مختلف یاد گرفت…

Word Formation

Word Forms

 

Put each of the following words into its correct place in the sentences.

E.g. decide

(a) We must come to a ………. very soon.

(b) We beat them ………. We won 7:0.

(c) He can never make up his mind. He’s very ……….

Answers:

(a) decision (b) decisively (c) indecisive

۱٫ beauty

(a) She is very ……….

(b) She’s training to be a ……….

(c) They’re going to ………. the town with more trees and parks.

۲٫ pay

(a) To buy this car I made a monthly ………. of £۲۸۰ for two years.

(b) Please make your cheque ………. to John Watson.

(c) The person a cheque is made out to is called the ……….

۳٫ receive

(a) She works as a ………. at a hotel in Scotland.

(b) Ask for a ………. when you buy something, in case you need to return it.

(c) I made several suggestions to improve production, but the management was not very ………. to my ideas.

۴٫ hero

(a) He received a medal for his ……….

(b) They fought ………. in the war.

(c) She was described as a ……….

۵٫ produce

(a) ………. of the new sports car has been halted by a strike.

(b) China is one of the world’s leading ………. of rice.

(c) I’m afraid the talks were totally ………. We didn’t reach agreement on anything.

۶٫ explain

(a) An ………. leaflet is given to all purchasers of the machine.

(b) His disappearance is very strange, in fact quite ……….

(c) I think you owe me an ………. for your behaviour.

۷٫ compare

(a) This is ………. better than that. In fact, there is really no ……….

(b) Scientists have made ………. tests on the new drugs.

۸٫ advise

(a) Until the situation has settled down, it is ………. to travel to that country.

(b) The government set up an ………. body on the use of drugs in sport.

(c) I doubt the ………. of drinking alcohol while undergoing that medical treatment

۹٫ admire

(a) She was a pleasant, attractive girl, always surrounded by ……….

(b) I am full of ………. for what she has achieved.

(c) I approve of him wholeheartedly. He is an ………. man.

۱۰٫ stable

(a) To ………. the boat in rough sea, we redistributed the weight.

(b) Between 1860 and 1900 the country had a number of revolutions and uprisings. It was a time of great ……….

(c) The exchange rate is going up and down dramatically. It’s very ………. at the moment.

۱۱٫ economy

(a) We’re spending too much. We must ……….

(b) This car uses a lot of petrol. It’s terribly ……….

(c) The Chancellor (Minister of Finance) is responsible for ………. affairs.

۱۲٫ reside

(a) This is the President’s official ……….

(b) There’s no industry or entertainment here. It’s a ………. district.

(c) All ………. of the neighbouring houses were warned of the gas leak.

۱۳٫ comfort

(a) In that tense situation I found the good news very ……….

(b) I felt rather ………. , so I put a soft cushion behind me.

(c) She sat in terrible ………. on the hard chair for over an hour

۱۴٫ dead

(a) The increasing number of ………. in traffic accidents is alarming.

(b) Be careful! That’s a ………. poison!

(c) The doctor gave him an injection to ………. the pain.

۱۵٫ demonstrate

(a) The ………. marched through the streets chanting slogans.

(b) Grandfather rarely showed the affection he felt for his family. He was a very ………. , person.

(c) What you say is ………. false. Let me show you the facts.

۱۶٫ imitate

(a) The bag is made of ………. leather.

(b) Small children ,ne very ………. in their behaviour. They just copy what they see.

(c) His acting style is ………. No one can copy him.

۱۷٫ argue

(a) She had an ………. . with her husband last night.

(b) He’s a very bad-tempered, ………. chap. He’s always quarrelling.

(c) She is ………. the finest pianist in the world.

۱۸٫ repeat

(a) He lost his temper and used disgusting, ………. language.

(b) In this essay you’ve said the same thing several times. It’s very ……….

(c) I hope there will be no ………. of this shocking behaviour.

۱۹٫ fail

(a) She is very efficient, and ………. polite to the customers.

(b) He considered himself a ………. He had succeeded in nothing.

(c) It was difficult to see much in the ………. light.

۲۰٫ courage

(a) His friends tried to ………. him from attempting the dangerous climb.

(b) She ………. stood in the way of the escaping robbers.

(c) His parents gave him a lot of ………. in his studies.

۲۱٫ real

(a) I chunk it’s a bit ………. to hope that world peace can be gained so easily.

(b) He spends all his time in romantic daydreams. He’s lost touch with ……….

(c) Ladies and gentlemen, I am a ………. and I think we must face facts.

۲۲٫ false

(a) She was accused of ………. the financial accounts.

(b) It is a ………. to say he did it when you know he didn’t.

(c) The ………. of his argument was obvious to everyone.

۲۳٫ prophesy

(a) i am not a ………. and I would not like to make a ………. on whether the world can survive this age of nuclear weapons.

(b) What he wrote in 1930 was ………. Much of what he described has come true.

۲۴٫ describe

(a) The damage caused by the earthquake cannot be imagined. It was ……….

(b) The teacher asked them to write a ………. passage about their home towns.

(c) The witness was able to give a full ………. of the wanted man.

۲۵٫ friend

(a) The ………. between the two soon developed into love.

(b) In London she was ………. by a rich woman who looked after her and helped her.

(c) The desert is a dangerous ………. place.

۲۶٫ sense

(a) He felt a strange, painful ………. in his back.

(b) Even the most ………. person ought to appreciate the beauty of this music.

(c) What an idiotic, ………. thing to do!

۲۷٫ famous

(a) The ………. of the Beatles soon spread outside Britain.

(b) The day of the massacre will go down in history as a terrible, ………. day It was a day of ……….

۲۸٫ defend

(a) I just want to ask you a few ordinary questions, so why don’t you relax? Why are you so ………. ?

(b) The government’s policy on arms is shocking. It is quite ……….

(c) We must do all we can for the ………. of this nation against possible attack.

۲۹٫ agree

(a) What an unpleasant, ………. old woman she is!

(b) We finally reached ………. on the matter at midnight.

(c) I liked the place. I found the people, the weather and the food very ……….

۳۰٫ possess

(a) In his will he left all his money and ………. to his wife.

(b) She was a very ………. mother. She gave her son very little freedom.

(c) The actor playing the main part should be the ………. of a very good voice, good looks and a very strong physique.

۳۱٫ different

(a) I’m afraid I have to ………. I don’t agree with you at all.

(b) Politeness is one thing. Real kindness is another. You must learn to ………. between the two.

(c) We get along pretty well, although of course we have our ………. from time to time.

۳۲٫ active

(a) The strike was organised by a group of political ……….

(b) The fire-prevention system is ………. by any small increase in temperature

(c) It is quite safe to go near the volcano. It has been ………. for years.

۳۳٫ form

(a) It is especially important for children to have love and affection in their ………. years.

(b) The slight ………. in his left hand was corrected by surgery.

(c) The police are considering the ………. of a new anti-drugs unit.

۳۴٫ compel

(a) Military service is no longer ………. in South Africa.

(b) Membership of the Students’ Club is entirely voluntary. There is no ………. whatsoever.

(c) All staff should attend the meeting. Only the most ………. reasons for absence will be accepted.

۳۵٫ create

(a) Ian Fleming, the ………. of James Bond, died in 1964.

(b) Although she is very able technically, she isn’t ………. enough for this kind of work.

(c) The ………. of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation took place in 1949.

۳۶٫ enthusiasm

(a) They threw themselves ………. into the new project.

(b) He’s a real golf ………. He loves the game.

(c) They didn’t really ………. over my idea. In fact there was some opposition.

۳۷٫ necessary

(a) We regret that the present economic difficulties will ………. a reduction in our work force

(b) I sympathise with his point of view, but I don’t always ………. agree with him

(C) He lives very simply, with just the basic ………. of life

۳۸٫ destroy

(a) The control centre is deep underground and completely ………. except by a direct hit from a nuclear missile

(b) War plans include the immediate ………. of all enemy military bases

(c) His criticism of my work was entirely ………. There was nothing useful or constructive m it at all

۳۹٫ manage

(a) Talks between workers and ………. have broken down and a strike now seems unavoidable

(b) The boy was very violent and his parents found him ……….

(c) To improve his qualifications he’s taking a course in ………. skills

۴۰٫ believe

(a) It was an incredible story, quite ……….

(b) She is a person of very strong religious ……….

(c) His explanation was obviously false and the judge made no attempt to hide his ……….

PORTMANTEAU WORDS

New expressions are often created by combining parts of two words. ‘Smog’ is a combination of ‘smoke’ and ‘fog’ A film about someone’s life is sometimes called a ‘biopic’ (biographical picture). A ‘bedsit’ is a room which serves as both a bedroom and sitting room These combinations are called ‘portmanteau’ words. Can you explain the following?

Swatch

hazchem

Chunnel

vegeburger

fantabulous

brunch

Oxbridge

camcorder

shopaholic

ginormous

motel

Interpol

guesstimate

ScotRail

Amex

Oxfam

Eurovision

fanzine

ecotastrophe

docudrama

Answers :

۱ a) beautiful b) beautician c) beautify

۲ a) payment b) payable c) payee

۳ a) receptionist

b) receipt c) receptive

۴ a) heroism b) heroically c) heroine

۵ a) production b) producers c) unproductive

۶ a) explanatory b) inexplicable c) explanation

۷ a) incomparably, comparison b) comparative

۸ a) inadvisable b) advisory c) advisability

۹ a) admirers b) admiration c) admirable

۱۰ a) stabilise b) instability c) unstable

۱۱ a) economise b) uneconomical c) economic

۱۲ a) residence b) residential c) residents

۱۳ a) comforting b) uncomfortable c) discomfort

۱۴ a) deaths b) deadly c) deaden

۱۵ a) demonstrators b) undemonstrative c) demonstrably

۱۶ a) imitation b) imitative c) inimitable

۱۷ a) argument b) argumentative c) arguably

۱۸ a) unrepeatable b) repetitive c) repetition

۱۹ a) unfailingly b) failure c) failing

۲۰ a) discourage b) courageously c) encouragement

۲۱ a) unrealistic b) reality c) realist

۲۲ a) falsifying b) falsehood c) falsity

۲۳ a) prophet, prophecy b) prophetic

۲۴ a) indescribable b) descriptive c) description

۲۵ a) friendship b) befriended c) unfriendly

۲۶ a) sensation b) insensitive c) senseless

۲۷ a) fame b) infamous, infamy

۲۸ a) defensive b) indefensible c) defence

۲۹ a) disagreeable b) agreement c) agreeable

۳۰ a) possessions b) possessive c) possessor

۳۱ a) differ b) differentiate c) differences

۳۲ a) activists b) activated c) Inactive

۳۳ a) formative b) deformity c) formation

۳۴ a) compulsory b) compulsion c) compelling

۳۵ a) creator b) creative c) creation

۳۶ a) enthusiastically b) enthusiast c) enthuse

۳۷ a) necessitate b) necessarily c) necessities

۳۸ a) indestructible b) destruction c) destructive

۳۹ a) management b) unmanageable c) managerial / management

۴۰ a) unbelievable b) beliefs c) disbelief

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